Encinitas Bricks Masonry
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Brick masonry is a form of construction that involves laying down bricks and gluing them together with mortar to construct a solid structure that can withstand pressure without disintegration. There are numerous types of bricks and mortar used in construction today.
Mortar affects the durability and performance of brick structures. Therefore, caution should be taken on how the mortar is mixed.
Unlike stone masonry, which can only be practiced in areas with quarries, brick masonry is practiced everywhere, as the bricks can be made from most places using different materials. Here are some of the most common types of bricks used in construction today.
Classification of Bricks
Bricks can be categorized in several ways.
Method of manufacturing – You may categorize bricks according to how they are made, fired (hardened by fire), and unfired (cured by air).
Usage – Under this category, there are engineering bricks (used in civil engineering projects such as bridge and road construction) and standard bricks (used in residential buildings).
Shapes – Some of the common forms include bullnose bricks, perforated bricks, and hollow bricks.
Grouping of Bricks by Raw Materials
Five Types of Bricks
These are the oldest types of bricks. They are found in some of the oldest buildings in the world. These blocks are made by compressing clay into uniform shapes, drying them, and subjecting them to high temperatures in kilns. The final product is a hardened block of clay, which is reddish.
After the heating process, the quality of the blocks is different. Burnt clay blocks are sold in different classes depending on the condition after the heating process. First-class blocks are of the highest quality. They are durable and have no flaws. However, they are the most expensive.
Clay bricks are used in the construction of foundations, walls, and columns.
They are manufactured from concrete. These bricks are gaining popularity among homeowners. They are mostly used to build fences, facades, and for ornamental purposes. Different pigments can be added during the production process to provide different colors of bricks. These blocks should not be used in underground operations. Some of the common uses of concrete slabs are the construction of fences and internal brickwork.
They are also referred to as refractory bricks. Firebricks are made from specially formulated soil, which has high amounts of aluminum oxide. The earth is subjected to high temperatures to create a sturdy product. Firebricks are heat and weather resistant. These bricks are often used in the construction of chimneys, furnaces, and pizza ovens.
They are also referred to as calcium silicate blocks. The raw materials for production are lime, sand, and fly ash. Pigments are also used to add color. The raw materials are mixed uniformly, and the resulting mixture molded and compressed to form bricks. Raw materials bond by a chemical reaction that occurs as wet blocks dry under high temperatures and pressure. These bricks can be used for walls, foundations, and pillars.
Advantages of Calcium Silicate Blocks Over the Standard Clay Bricks
They Require Less Mortar
When pigments are used, the blocks can be used for aesthetic purposes they have a smoother finish, thus, does not require plastering.
Fly Ash Clay Bricks
These blocks are made with fly ash and clay. Fly ash is a byproduct of coal subjected to 1,0000C. Fly ash has a high composition of calcium oxide, which makes these blocks known as self-cementing. Fly ash bricks expand when in contact with moisture. This reaction may lead to pop-out failure. Fly ash clay slabs are light-weight compared to clay and concrete blocks. They are used in the construction of pillars, foundations, and structural walls.
Advantages of Brick Masonry
Strength – Bricks are sturdy, and they have a high compression strength
Aesthetic – Slabs offer appealing colors and texture
Fire-resistant – When manufactured well, brick structures can withstand fire for up to six hours
Insulation – Bricks have excellent thermal insulation compared to other building materials.
Brick masonry has been in practice for many years, and it remains one of the most durable and versatile building techniques. Masonry projects can be hectic and expensive when working alone. Encinitas Pro Concrete Co. stands unrivaled when it comes to commercial and residential brick masonry construction projects. Want to work with the best team in the industry?
Call us now at (760)283-6733 for free estimates.